Affiliation：Osaka University, Department of Mechanical Science and Bioengineering
Abstract：Considering the nucleation process of Zr hydrides as phase transformation from hexagonal closed-packed (HCP) to face-centered tetragonal (FCT) structure, we calculated the activation energy of the homogeneous nucleation process of Zr hydrides and atomic rearrangement during nucleation for Zr4H, Zr2H, ZrH and ZrH2 using density functional theory calculations and minimum energy path detection. At 0 K limit, although ZrH and ZrH2 have lower chemical potentials and are more energetically stable than Zr4H and Zr2H, the latter have lower activation energies for nucleation. At finite temperatures, the crossover of activation energies occurs around 300 K, where ZrH becomes the most possible candidate with the lowest activation energy. This was explained by the difference in the atomic rearrangement and change in phonon frequency during phase transformation. Zirconium
Publication related to your research
- Akio Ishii, “Activation energy of homogeneous nucleation of Zr hydride: Density functional theory calculation”, Comput. Mater. Sci., 215, 111769, (2022).
Posted : March 01,2023